The game of roulette is probably one of the most exciting casino games in gambling history and this is what attracts players to play it. Roulette is a relatively simple game and much of its mechanics revolves around the actual roulette wheel.
Actual Roulette Wheel – History
It is a common belief that the actual roulette wheel was invented by the 17th century French mathematician and scientist Blaise Pascal. They said that Pascal came up with the idea for the device during one of his monastic retreats and based its engineering on his theories of motion. However, some people claim that the actual roulette wheel could trace its origins back to Ancient China where an ancient game of 37 statuettes arranged on a “magic square” of 666 was played.
The Dominican monks later on brought the game back with them to Europe and used it as a type of monastic diversion. By the mid-1800s, a new variant to the actual roulette wheel was introduced to the early casinos. This wheel was known as the single-zero wheel and was invented by two Frenchmen Francois and Louis Blanc. This version of the actual roulette wheel became popular in European casinos but was rejected in America.
Actual Roulette Wheel – Types
When the Americans rejected the single-zero wheel, this changed the course of the game for all time. Until now, there are two forms of the actual roulette wheel – the single-zero or European wheel and the double-zero or the American wheel.
The American wheel contains 38 numbers, including 0, 00, and 1 through 36, and has a house advantage of 5.26%. This means that for every $100-bet you make, the house gains $5.26 in profit. On the other hand, the European wheel has a house advantage of 2.7%, which is roughly half that of its American cousin.
Actual Roulette Wheel – Number and Color Placement
The actual roulette wheel is designed in such a way that the element of random is achieved to the fullest. All the numbers in the actual roulette wheel, including the low, high, odd, and even, are alternated and spaced out evenly. The two zeros are placed against a green felt background to avoid confusion while the rest of the numbers are alternately colored red and black.
All the numbers in the actual roulette wheel add up to a total of 666 but when you add only the odd numbers, you get 342. This is the reason why mathematical balance in the actual roulette wheel is impossible to achieve. Thus, manufacturers placed much attention on the arrangement of the numbers and the colors in order to give the actual roulette wheel the best possible mathematical balance.