How Texas Hold’em poker came to be is a popular debate topic among history-mongers and poker players. Some believe that the history of Texas Hold’em poker began in China in 900 A.D.
According to findings in history, Texas Hold’em poker had its earliest roots from the “domino card” game that was a popular pastime of Emperor Mu-tsung. The emperor has been reported to have played the game wit his wife on New Year’s Eve, 969 A.D. The date is believed as some as the birth date of the history of Texas Hold’em poker.
But history was changed when archaeologists found fragments of cards that are reminiscent of the cards used in Texas Hold’em poker. These relics from 12th or 13th century Egypt made a great impact on the history of the game. This important discovery on the history of Texas Hold’em poker led them to believe that modern cards used in Texas Hold’em poker originated from the Indian card game, Ganjifa.
A Persian game called “as nas” is also believed to be a precursor of the modern Texas Hold’em poker game, according to history. As Nas is also a bluffing game of five cards. But the deck used in As Nas is composed of 25 cards of 5 suits each, unlike the deck used in Texas Hold’em poker where there are 52 5-suited cards. Even so, many people believe that Texas Hold’em poker could trace back its history to the ancient game of As Nas.
According to history, Persian sailors were said to have taught the game to the Germans during the 16th or 17th century, who called in “Pochen” and passed it on to the French. At this point in history, the game came to be known as “Poque” and employed the modern Texas Hold’em poker technique of bluffing.
The French brought this earlier version of Texas Hold’em poker to their settlements in New Orleans. From there, the history of Texas Hold’em poker traveled up the Mississippi and Ohio rivers. It was this point in time that the history of Texas Hold’em poker began to show consistency. Word of the game spread over the whole of United States through wagon trails, and later on, through rail tracks.
When the Civil War that changed the annals of American history occurred, Texas Hold’em poker experienced another drastic change. It was here that Texas Hold’em poker began to adopt the traditional English version deck of cards. The Texas Hold’em poker deck is composed of 52 cards with 5 suits – diamonds, hearts, clubs, and spades. The “joker”, the Texas Hold’em poker wild card, was also introduced in 1875.